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Front-end vs Back-end vs Full-stack
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Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack: Career Guide

Sarah Johnson 

Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack are used to create website. Front-end deals with its client side and back-end works with server side and Full Stack with both.

Website Development involves two types of development mainly.

  1. Front-end Development
  2. Back-end Development

If we combine these two, we’ll get Full Stack Development.

Let’s understand differences and similarities among Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack Development.


Front-end Development

In Front-end Development, we create structure of a website. Developers make the part of a website that is visible to visitors. Like its designs, assets and functionality. They work in collaboration with Web Designers to create stunning websites.

Back-end Development

Back-end Developers, on the other hand, create the part of a website that is hidden. They create database for data storage and data retrieval. They make website responsive, and interactive. They work with Front-end Developers to add life to the website.

Full Stack Development

As the name suggests, Full Stack Development comprises of both Front-end and Back-end Development. They create complete website with combination of Front-end vs Back-end vs Full Stack functionalities. Full Stack Developers work with UI and UX Designers and other team members to create a complete awesome website.

We just have got an overview, now let’s discuss in detail.

Programming Languages

These languages are medium to give instructions to machines specially computers. There are many out there. We will talk about some of them.


HTML is very common scripting language. Every front-end developer learns it to build websites. With the help of html, developers create structure of a website.


It is a cascading program. It works with HTML tags. With the help of CSS developers create muscles on a skeleton.


JavaScript is very famous and favorite among developers. It adds functionality and logic to websites.

For example, a bulb is a design; and switch gives it functionality. Likewise, JavaScript does the same.


Python is easy to use among many languages. It works well with varied tasks. It can give functionality to websites. Some of Python libraries work well with data management and gives insights as well.


Ruby is an open-source language. It works well with Back-end development. It is usually used to build the back-end of high traffic websites.

Combination of Web Development

These all languages which we discussed above are the part of website development means Front-end vs Back-end vs Full Stack development, these 3 things are the combination of website development.

Content Management Systems

It is very common to use Content Management Systems to create websites. They make work easy and quick. Some commonly used Content Management Systems are WordPress, Joomla and Shopify.


It is free to use. It is the most popular CMS. WordPress is easy to use. More than 40% of all websites are built on WordPress.


Joomla is the second largest CMS after WordPress. It is nearly as old as WordPress. Joomla provides greater flexibility in creating and modifying content on web. The greatest edge of Joomla is that it provides multiple templates for different pieces of content.

Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack Development

Role of Front-End Development

Front-End Development caters all activities needed to build a website structure, layout, tabs and webpages.

HTML is standard language used to build websites skeleton or structure. HTML is short for Hypertext Mark Up Language. It contains tags that are created to view the headings, text, images and other things on webpages.

CSS is another web technology. It is short for Cascading Styling Sheet. Cascades are built to perform functions in an order, one after another.  CSS is used in styling webpages, like color schemes, sizes, shapes etc.

JavaScript has a wide use in Web Development. JavaScript gives functionality to websites. It makes webpages interactive. JavaScript gives logic to website so that they become interactive. And, they become static no more.

Role of Back-End Development

Back-End Development works on server side. If you come to a website and fill a form, where that information goes? How do you retrieve data that you provided earlier.

The role of a Back-End Developer is to do all the functions runs out of our sight. They store data and maintain it. They make sure the smooth flow of information between front-end and back-end.

The developers also debug and clean the data. They create data tests for smooth and quick functions. Giving security and protection to our secret, personal and business information is also the core responsibility of back-end developers as well.

They create database to store data. They use platforms like MongoDB, MySQL. They work with Application Programing Interface also known as API. They also get help from different toolkits provided by servers.

Role of a Full Stack Developer

Full Stack Development comprises all activities performed by Front-End and Back-End Web Development.

They do both the roles simultaneously. They are fit as Team Lead of Developers. Or small business can hire them because of their low budget.

Full Stack Developers build a complete website. They complete their work with the team of Web Designers, Graphic Designers, Logo Designers and others.

They are in greater demand in the world of technology. They fit easily in job roles and make more income than other developers.

Developers can also make a use of Artificial Intelligence and Data Science and other related fields to enhance their productivity, functionality and responsiveness.

To Sum Up

In a nutshell, Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack are different phases of creating websites.

Front-End Development is concerned with anything you see on a website. It creates client side of a website. In opposition, Back-End Development consists of all activities run behind. It creates and do all things on the server side of a website.

Full Stack Development is the union of both front-end development and back-end development. It comprises all the activities the front-end and back-end developers do separately.


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